Profile for Josefino Comiso


Click image to view larger version.
Title: Senior Research Scientist
Affiliation: NASA
Contact: E-mail
Cryospheric Sciences Laboratory, Code 615
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Greenbelt, MD 20771

Office Phone: 301-614-5708
Fax: 301-614-5644

Research Interests

Detection of climate change using historical satellite data; Role of polynyas and the Odden ice tongue in ocean convection and bottom water formation; Air-sea-ice interactions and biological processes in the polar regions; Development of satellite algorithms for polar parameters; Greening of the Arctic and other environmental changes.

Short Biography

Dr. Comiso has studied many polar processes and was among the first researchers to report dramatic changes in the Arctic sea ice cover. He has been a member of satellite sensor teams, including the EOS-Aqua AMSR-E team, and has developed algorithms for the retrieval of sea ice concentration, surface temperature, and clouds. He was the chief scientist in numerous NASA aircraft missions in the Arctic and Antarctic that included a flight over a nuclear submarine near the North Pole and has participated in multiple Antarctic field programs.

Dr. Comiso has received several NASA performance and group achievement awards and is the recipient of other outstanding achievement in science awards given by professional societies. He has authored or co-authored five books, several book chapters and more than 120 refereed journal articles. He is currently the coordinating lead author of the Cryosphere Chapter of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Working Group 1 report on the “Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis.”

Dr. Comiso received his Masters of Science degree in physics from Florida State University and Ph. D. in physics from the University of California in Los Angeles. He held a post-doctoral position at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville before joining NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.

Current Projects

Current research projects include:

Publications

Comiso, J.C., and D.K. Hall (2014). Climate Trends in the Arctic WIREs (Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews) Climate Change, Advanced Review.
10.1002/wcc.277

Comiso, J.C. (2014). Sea ice concentration and extent . In Encyclopedia of Remote Sensing. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer Publishing.
10.1007/Springer Reference_327226

Comiso, J., and D.K. Hall (2014). Current Climate Trends in the Arctic WIREs Climate Change, Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews (WIREs).
10.1002/wcc.277

Vaughan, D., J.C. Comiso, I. Allison, J. Carrasco, G. Kaser, R. Kwok, P. Mote, T. Murray, F. Paul, J. Ren, E. Rignot, O. Solomina, K. Steffen, and T. Zhang (2014). Observations: Cryosphere. In Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change . Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Bhatt, U., D. A. Walker, M. K. Raynolds, P. A. Bienick, H. E. Epstein, J.C. Comiso, J.E. Pinzon, C.J. Tucker, and I. V. Polyakov (2013). Recent declines in warming and vegetation greening trends over Pan-Arctic Tundra Remote Sensing, 5, 4229-4254
10.3390/rs5094229

Chan, M., and J. C. Comiso. (2013). Arctic cloud cover characteristics as inferred from MODIS, CALIPSO and Cloudsat J. Climate, 26, 3285-3306
10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00204.1.

Comiso, J.C. (2013). Sea ice concentration and extent. In Encyclopedia of Remote Sensing. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.
doi:10.1007/Springer Reference_327226

Hall, D., J.C. Comiso, N.E. DiGirolamo, C.A. Shuman, J.E. Box, and L.S. Koenig. (2013). Variability in the surface temperature and melt extent of the Greenland ice sheet from MODIS Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 1-7
10.1002/grl.50240

Parkinson, C.L., and J.C. Comiso (2013). On the 2012 record low Arctic sea ice cover: Combined impact of preconditioning and an August storm Geophy. Res. Lett, 40, 1-6
10.1002/grl.50349

Parkinson, C., and J.C. Comiso (2013). On the 2012 record low Arctic sea ice cover: Combined impact of preconditioning and an August storm Geophysical Research Letters,, 40, 1-6
10.1002/grl.50349

Comiso, J.C. (2012). Large Decadal Decline of the Arctic Multiyear Ice Cover Journal of Climate, 25, 1176–1193
10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00113.1

Comiso, J.C. (2012). Large decadal decline in the Arctic multiyear ice cover J. Climate , 25, 1176-1193
10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00113.1

Hall, D.K., J.C. Comiso, N. DiGirolamo, C. Shuman, J. Key, and L. Koenig (2012). A Climate-Data Record of the “Clear-Sky” Surface Temperature of the Greenland Ice Journal Climate, 45, 4785-4798
10.1175/JCL1-D-11-00365.1

Hall, D., J. C. Comiso, N. E. DiGirolamo, C. A. Shuman, J. R. Key, and L. S. Koenig (2012). A Satellite-Derived Climate-Quality Data Record of the Clear-Sky Surface Temperature of the Greenland Ice Sheet J. Climate, 25, 4785–4798
10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00365.1

Chan, M., and J.C. Comiso (2011). Cloud features detected by MODIS but not by CloudSat and CALIOP Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L24813
10.1029/2011GL050063

Comiso, J.C., R. Kwok, S. Martin, and A. L. Gordon (2011). Variability and trends in sea ice extent and ice production in the Ross Sea Journal of Geophysical Research, 19(C04021), 19
10.1029/2010JC006391

Comiso, J.C., R. Kwok, S. Martin, and A. Gordon (2011). Variability and trends in sea ice and ice production in the Ross Sea J. Geophys. Res, 116, C04021
1029/2010JC006391

Goetz, S., H. E. Epstein, D. Alcaraz, P. S. A. Beck, U. Bhatt, A. Bunn, J.C. Comiso, G. J. Jia, J. O. Kaplan, H. Lischke, A. Lloyd, Q. Yu, and D. A. Walker (2011). Recent changes in Arctic vegetation: satellite observations and simulation model predictions . In Eurasian Arctic land cover and land use in a changing climate. (306). Amsterdam: Springer Publishing.

Walker, D., B.C. Forbes, M.O. Leibman, H.E. Epstein, U.S. Bhatt, J.C. Comiso, D.S. Drozdov, A.A. Gubarkov, G.J. Jia, E. Karlejaarvi, J.O. Kaplan, V. Khumutov, G.P. Kofinas, T. Kumpula, P. Kuss, N.G. Moskalenko, M.K. Raynolds, V.E. Romanovskey, F. Stammler, and Q. Yu (2011). Cumulative effects of rapid land-cover and land-use changes on the Yamal Peninsula, Russia. In Eurasian Arctic Land Cover Land Use. (306). Amsterdam: Springer Publishing.

Bhatt, U., D. A. Walker, M. Raynolds, J.C. Comiso, and et al. (2010). Circumpolar Arctic tundra vegetation change is linked to sea-ice decline Earth Interactions, 14, 1-20
10.1175/2010EI315.1

Bhatt, U.S., D.A. Walker, M.K. Raynolds, J.C. Comiso, H.E. Epstein, G. Jia, R. Gens, J.E. Pinzon, C.J. Tucker, C.E. Tweedie, and P.J. Webber (2010). Circumpolar Arctic tundra vegetation change is linked to sea-ice decline Earth Interactions, 14(8), 1-20
10.1175/2010EI315.1

Comiso, J.C. (2010). Variability and Trends of the Global Sea ice Cover. In Sea Ice - an introduction to its physics, biology, chemistry, and geology. (205-246). Oxford, UK: Thomas and Gerhard Dieckmann, Wiley, Blackwell.

Comiso, J.C. (2010). Polar Oceans from Space. New York, NY: Springer Publishing.
10.1007/978-0-387- 68300-3

Shibata, A., H. Murakami, and J.C. Comiso (2010). Anomalous Warming in the Arctic Ocean in the Summer of 2007 J. Remote Sensing Society of Japan, 30(2), 105-113

Comiso, J.C. (2009). Enhanced sea ice concentration and ice extents from AMSR-E J. Remote Sens. Society Japan, 29(1), 199-215
ISSN 1883-1184

Comiso, J.C. (2009). Enhanced sea ice concentration and ice extent from AMSR-E Data J. Remote Sensing Soc. of Japan, 29(1), 199-215

Smith, W., and J.C. Comiso (2009). Southern ocean primary productivity: Variability and a view to the future, in Smithsonian at the Poles: Contributions to the International Polar Year Science Smithsonia Institution Scholarly Press, 309 - 318

Steig, E., D.P. Schneider, S.D. Rutherford, M.E. Mann, J.C. Comiso, and D.T. Shindell (2009). Warming of the Antarctic ice sheet surface since the 1957 International Geophysical Year Nature, 457, 459-463

Steig, E.J., D.P. Scheider, S.D. Rutherford, M.E. Mann, J.C. Comiso, and D.T. Shindell (2009). Warming of the Antarcitc Ice-Sheet Surface Since the 1957 International Geophysical Year Nature, 457, 459-462
10.1038/nature07669

Steig, E.J., D.P. Scheider, S.D. Rutherford, M.E. Mann, J.C. Comiso, and D.T. Shindell (2009). Warming of the Antarcitc Ice-Sheet Surface Since the 1957 International Geophysical Year Nature, 460(Corrigendum), 766
10.1038/nature08286

Turner, J., J.C. Comiso, G.J. Marshall, T.A. Lachlan-Cope, T. Bracegirdle, T. Maksym, M.P. Meredith, Z. Wang, and A. Orr (2009). Non-annular atmospheric circulation change induced by stratospheric ozone depletion and its role in the recent increase of Antarctic sea ice extent Geophys. Res. Lett., 36(L08502).
10.1029/2009GL037524

Turner, J., J.C. Comiso, G. J. Marshall, T.A. Lachlan-Cope, T. Bracegirdle, T. Maksym, M. Meredith, and Z. Wang (2009). Non-annular atmospheric circulation change induced by stratospheric ozone depletion and its role in the recent increase of Antarctic sea ice extent Geophy. Res. Lett, 36, L08502
10.1029/2009GL037524

Walker DA, ., Blatt US, Reynolds MK, J.C. Comiso, Epstein HE , and Jin GJ (2009). Land Vegetation, in State of the Climate in 2008 Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society.

Walker, D., M O Leibman, H E Epstein, B C Forbes, U S Bhatt, M K Raynolds, J.C. Comiso, A A Gubarkov, A V Khomutov, G J Jia, E Kaarlejarvi, J O Kaplan, T Kumpula, P Kuss, G Matyshak, N G Moskalenko, P Orekhov, V E Romanovsky, N G Ukraientseva, and Q Yu (2009). Spatial and temporal patterns of greenness on the Yamal Penisula, Russia: interactions of ecological and social factors affecting the Arctic normalized difference vegetation index. Environ. Res. Lett , 4.
10.1088/1788-9326/4/045004

Comiso, J.C., C.L. Parkinson, R. Gersten, and L. Stock (2008). Accelerated decline in the Arctic sea ice cover. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35(L01703), 6 pp
10.1029/2007GL031972

Comiso, J.C., and C.L. Parkinson (2008). Arctic sea ice parameters from AMSR-E data using two techniques and comparisons with sea ice from SSM/I J. Geophys. Res., 113(C02S05), 16 pp
10.1029/2007JC004255

Comiso, J.C., and K. Steffen (2008). Introduction to special section on Large-Scale Characteristics of the Sea Ice Cover from AMSR-E and Other Satellite Sensor J. Geophys. Res., 113(C02S01), 3 pp
10.1029/2007JC004442

Comiso, J.C., and F. Nishio (2008). Trends in the sea ice cover using enhanced and compatible AMSR-E, SSM/I, and SMMR data J. Geophys. Res., 113(C02S07), 22 pp
10.1029/2007JC004257

Comiso, J.C., and C.L. Parkinson (2008). Arctic sea ice parameters from AMSR-E using two techniques, and comparisons with sea ice from SSM/I J. Geophys. Res, 113, C02S05
10.1029/2007JC004255

Comiso, J.C., and K. Steffen (2008). Introduction to the Special Section on Large Scale Characteristics of the Sea Ice Cover from AMSR-E and Other Observations J. Geophys. Res, C02S01
1029/2007JC004442

Kwok, R., J.C. Comiso, S. Martin, and R. Drucker (2008). Ross Sea Polynyas: Response of ice concentration retrievals to large areas of thin ice J. Geophys, 112(C12012).
10.1029/ 2006JC003967

Leuschen, C.J., R. Swift, J.C. Comiso, R.K. Raney, R.D. Chapman, B. Krabill, and J.G. Sonntag (2008). Combination of laser and radar altimeter height measurements to estimate snow depth during the 2004 Antarctic AMSR-E Sea Ice field campaign J. Geophys. Res., 113(C04S90), 10 pp
10.1029/2007JC004285

Monaghan, A., D. Bromwich, W. Chapman, and J.C. Comiso (2008). Recent variability and trends of Antarctic near-surface temperature J. Geophys. Res, 113, D04105
10.1029/2007JD009094

Monaghan, A.J., D.H. Bromwich, W. Chapman, and J.C. Comiso (2008). Recent variability and trends of Antarctic near-surface temperature J. Geophys. Res., 113(D04105), 21 pp
10.1029/2007JD009094

Naoki, K., J. Ukita, F. Nishio, M. Nakayama, J.C. Comiso, and A. Gasiewski (2008). Thin sea ice thickness as inferred from passive microwave and in situ observations J. Geophys. Res., 113(C02S16), 11 pp
10.1029/2007JC004270

Parkinson, C.L., and J.C. Comiso (2008). Antarctic sea ice parameters from AMSR-E data using two techniques and comparisons with sea ice from SSM/I J. Geophys. Res., 113(C02S06), 15 pp
10.1029/2007JC004253

Parkinson, C.L., and J.C. Comiso (2008). Antarctic sea ice from AMSR-E from two algorithms and comparisons with sea ice from SSM/I J. Geophys. Res, 113(C02S06).
10.1029/2007JC004253

Richter-Menge J., J.C. Comiso, S. Nghiem, W. Meier, and D. Perovich (2008). Sea ice cover in State of the Climate in 2007 Special Supplement to the Bull. Amer. Met. Soc, 89(7), 90-94

Smith Jr., W.O., and J.C. Comiso (2008). Influene of sea ice on primary production in the Southern Ocean: A satellite perspective J. Geophys. Res., 113(C05S93), 19 pp
10.1029/2007JC004251

Smith Jr, W., and J.C. Comiso (2008). The influence of sea ice primary production in the Southern Ocean: A satellite perspective J. Geophys, C05S93
10.1029/2007JC004251

Zhang, X., A. Sorteberg, J. Zhang, R. Gerdes, and J.C. Comiso (2008). Recent radical shifts of atmospheric circulations and rapid changes in Arctic climate system Geophys. Res. Lett., 35(L22701), 7 pp
10.1029/2008GL035607

Zhang, X., A. Sorteberg, J. Zhang, R. Gerdes, and J.C. Comiso (2008). Atmospheric circulation signature in recent rapid Arctic climate system change Geophys. Res. Letters, 35, L22701
10.1029/2008GL035607

Comiso, J.C., and M.R. Drinkwater (2007). Antarctic Polynyas: Ventilation, Bottom Water, and High Productivity for the World's Oceans. In Our Changing Planet: The View From Space. (243-249). Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge Univ. Press.

Comiso, J.C. (2007). A Big Arctic Perennial Ice Anomaly PORSEC Bulletin, 1.3, 2 pp

Comiso, J.C. (2007). A Blue Arctic Ocean and Climate Tipping Points. In Science Section. (1 pp). Manila, Phillippines: The Philippine Star.

Comiso, J.C. (2007). Surface Temperature and Albedo IGOS Croyosphere Theme Report, 39-40

Drinkwater, M.R., and J.C. Comiso (2007). Sea Ice: The Shifting Crust of Southern Ocean. In Our Changing Planet: The View From Space. (238-242). Cambridge Univ. Press.

Gordon, A., M. Visbeck, and J.C. Comiso (2007). A link between the Great Weddell Polynya and the Southern Annular Mode J. Climate, 20(11), 2558-2571

Gordon, A.L., M. Visbeck, and J.C. Comiso (2007). A Possible Link between the Weddell Polynya and the Southern Annular Mode J. Clim., 20, 2558-2571

Kwok, R., J.C. Comiso, S. Martin, and R. Drucker (2007). Ross Sea polynyas: Response of ice concentration retrievals to large areas of thin ice J. Geophys. Res., 112(C12012), 13 pp

Li, J., H.J. Zwally, and J.C. Comiso (2007). Ice-sheet elevation changes caused by variations of the firn compaction rate induced by satellite-observed temperature variations (1982—2003) Ann. Glaciol., 46, 8-13

Li Jun, H.J. Zwally, and J.C. Comiso (2007). Ice sheet elevation changes caused by variations of the firn compaction rate induced by satellite observed temperature variations (1982-2003) Ann. of Glaciology, 46, 8-13

Yang, J., and J.C. Comiso (2007). An unexpected seasonal variability of salinity in the Beaufort Sea upper layer in 1996—1998 J. Geophys. Res., 112(C05034), 13 pp

Yang, J., and J.C. Comiso (2007). Unexpected seasonal variability in salinity of the Beaufort Sea upper layer in 1996-1997 J. Geophys. Res, 111, C05034
10.1029/2004JC002716

Comiso, J.C. (2006). Abrupt decline in the Arctic winter sea ice cover Geophys. Res. Letts., 33(L18504), 5 pp

Comiso, J.C. (2006). Arctic warming signals from satellite observations Weather, 61(3), 70-76

Comiso, J.C. (2004). Sea ice concentration algorithm for AMSR-E data Rivista Italiana di Telerilevamento, 119-130

Comiso, J.C., and C.L. Parkinson (2004). Satellite-observed changes in the Arctic Physics Today, 57(8), 38-44

Cota, G.F., J. Wang, and J.C. Comiso (2004). Transformation of global satellite chlorophyll retrievals with a regionally tuned algorithm Remote Sens. Environ., 90, 373-377

Massom, R.A., M.J. Pook, J.C. Comiso, N. Adams, J. Turner, T. Lachlan-Cope, and T.T. Gibson (2004). Precipitation over the Interior East Antarctic Ice Sheet Related to Midlatitude Blocking-High Activity J. Clim., 17, 1914-1928

Massom, R.A., M.J. Pook, J.C. Comiso, N. Adams, J. Turner, T. Lachlan-Cope, and T.T. Gibson (2004). Precipitation over the Interior East Antarctic Ice Sheet Related to Midlatitude Blocking-High Activity J. Clim., 17, 1914-1928

Schneider, D.P., J.C. Comiso, and E.J. Steig (2004). Recent Climate Variability in Antarctica from Satellite-Derived Temperature Data J. Clim., 17, 1569-1583

Worby, A.P., and J.C. Comiso (2004). Studies of the Antarctic sea ice edge and ice extent from satellite and ship observations Remote Sens. Environ., 92, 98-111

Yang, Jiayan, Josefino Comiso, David Walsh, Richard Krishfield, and Susumu Honjo (2004). Storm-driven mixing and potential impact on the Arctic Ocean J. Geophys. Res., 109, 1-18

Ackley, S., P. Wadhams, J.C. Comiso, and A.P. Worby (2003). Decadal decrease of Antarctic sea ice extent inferred from whaling records revisited on basis of historical and modern sea ice records Polar Res., 22(1), 19-25

Cavalieri, D.J., J. Maslanik, T. Markus, J.C. Stoeve, M. Sturm, J. Heinrichs, E.J. Kim, A.J. Gasiewski, and J.C. Comiso (2003). EOS Aqua AMSR-E Arctic Sea Ice Validation Program Proc. SPIE Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 4894, 413-424

Comiso, J.C., D.J. Cavalieri, and T. Markus (2003). Sea ice concentration, ice temperature, and snow depth using AMSR-E data IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 41(2), 243-252

Comiso, J.C., and (2003). Large Scale Characteristics and Variability of the Global Sea Ice Cover, in Sea Ice, An Introduction to its Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Geology Blackwell publishing, Chap. 4, 112-142

Comiso, J.C., and (2003). Warming Trends in the Arctic form Clear-Sky Satellite Observations J. Clim., 16, 3498-3510

King, J.C., and J.C. Comiso (2003). The Spatial Coherence of Interannual Temperature Variations in the Antarctic Peninsula Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(2), 12-1 - 12-4

Comiso, J.C. (2002). A rapidly decling perennial sea ice cover in the Arctic Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(20), 17-1 - 17-4

Comiso, J.C. (2002). Correlation and trend studies of the sea-ice cover and surface temperatures in the Arctic Ann. Glaciol., 34, 420-428

Kwok, R., and J.C. Comiso (2002). Southern Ocean Climate and Sea Ice Anomalies Associated with the Southern Oscillation J. Clim., 15, 487-501

Kwok, R., and J.C. Comiso (2002). Spatial patterns of variability in Antarctic surface temperature: Connections to the Southern Hemisphere Annular Mode and the Southern Oscillation Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(14), 50-1 - 50-4

Shuman, C.A., and J.C. Comiso (2002). In situ and satellite surface temperature records in Antarctica Ann. Glaciol., 34, 113-120

Zwally, H.J., J.C. Comiso, C.L. Parkinson, D.J. Cavalieri, and P. Gloersen (2002). Variability of Antarctic sea ice 1979-1998 J. Geophys. Res., 107(C5), 9-1 - 9-21
10.1029/2000JC000733