Profile for Antonio Mannino

Title: Oceanographer
Affiliation: NASA
Contact: E-mail
Office Phone: 301-286-0182
Fax: 301-286-5337


My research focuses on studying the distributions, sources and sinks of dissolved (DOM) and particulate organic matter (POM) in the ocean to enhance our understanding of carbon cycling, especially in the coastal zone.  A primary objective is to link the optical properties of DOM and POM (such as absorption, scattering and fluorescence) to carbon in the ocean to be able to examine the carbon cycle using ocean color satellite measurements.  Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) comprises nearly all (>97%) of the organic carbon in the ocean and constitutes one of the largest pools of organic carbon in the biosphere (equivalent to carbon dioxide in the atmosphere).  Studying the distribution, sources and sinks of DOC and particulate carbon within the ocean is essential to understanding the Earth and ecosystem variability.

Professional Preparation

University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA
Environmental Science, B.A., 1992

University of Texas at Austin, TX
Marine Science, M.A., 1994

University of Maryland at College Park, MD
Marine-Estuarine-Environmental Sciences, Ph.D., 2000

Current Research Efforts

Through current support from NASA OBB (PI), Carbon Cycle Science (co-I) and Interdisciplinary Science (co-I) grants, the impact of climate variability on primary productivity and organic carbon distributions is under investigation along the northeastern U.S. continental margin.  Algorithms for retrieval of CDOM, DOC, POC and pigments from MODIS and SeaWiFS have been validated. Using these algorithms, we can quantify the inventories of DOC, POC and CDOM, net ecosystem production of DOC and the loss of CDOM through photooxidation.  As part of the NASA U.S. ECoS team, Mannino has contributed to the development and evaluation of the biogeochemical model, especially the DOM components of the model.


2002-present: Oceanographer, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD.
2001-2002: Research Chemist/Mendenhall Postdoctoral Fellow, U.S.G.S, Reston, VA.
2000-2001: Assistant Research Scientist, Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Solomons, MD.
1994-2000: Graduate Research Assistant, Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Solomons, MD.
1993-1994: Graduate Research Assistant, Marine Science Institute, University of Texas at Austin, Port Aransas, TX.
1992-1993: Teaching Assistant, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX.

NASA & Other Community Service Activities

2010: Co-convener two special sessions at the 2010 Ocean Sciences meeting
2009-present: NASA GEO-CAPE Oceans Science Working Group co-lead
2009: Co-lead of discussion group at the North American Carbon Program meeting
2008-present: Member of the International Ocean Color Coordinating Group working group developing requirements for geostationary ocean color sensors.
2007: Co-convener of special session on the coastal ocean carbon cycle at the ASLO Aquatic Sciences meeting.
2007-2008: Member of GSFC’s Science Director’s Council/Deputy Director’s Council on Science
2006: Co-convener of special sessions at the 2006 Ocean Sciences meeting
2005-present: Peer review panel member for NASA Programs (2005-2010)
2005-2006: Member of NOAA’s Coastal Ocean Applications Science Team for GOES-R
2001-present: NSF and NASA proposal mail reviewer
2000-present: Peer reviewer for several scientific journals including Limnology & Oceanography, Journal of Marine Research, Journal of Geophysical Research, Organic Geochemistry, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Marine Chemistry, Remote Sensing of Environment, and Estuarine and Coastal Shelf Science.

Education & Outreach

2010: Mentored undergraduate student through summer Research & Discover Program
2009: Mentored undergraduate student through summer Research & Discover Program
2007: Mentored undergraduate student through GSFC summer program
2005-2006: Mentored post-doctoral researcher (UMBC-GEST)
2005-2006: Mentored student from Paint Branch High School
2005: Mentored undergraduate through summer Maine Space Grant
2004: Mentored undergraduate through summer GSFC VSEP
2003: Mentored undergraduate through GSFC Student Intern Program


Peloquin, J., C. Swan, N. Gruber, M. Vogt, H. Claustre, J. Ras, J. Uitz, R. Barlow, M. Behrenfeld, R. Bidigare, H. Dierssen, G. Ditullio, E. Fernandez, C. Gallienne, S. Gibb, R. Goericke, L. Harding, E. Head, P. Holligan, S. Hooker, D. Karl, M. Landry, R. Letelier, C. Llewellyn, M. Lomas, M. Lucas, A. Mannino, J. Marty, B. Mitchell, F. Muller-Karger, N. Nelson, C. OBrien, B. Prezelin, D. Repeta, W. Smith Jr., D. Smythe-Wright, R. Stumpf, A. Subramaniam, K. Suzuki, C. Trees, M. Vernet, N. Wasmund, and S. Wright (2013). The MAREDAT global database of high performance liquid chromatography marine pigment measurements Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 5, 109-123

Fishman, J., L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang (2012). The United States’ Next Generation of Atmospheric Composition and Coastal Ecosystem Measurements: NASA’s Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) Mission Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc..

Hu, C., L. Feng, Z. Lee, C.O. Davis, A. Mannino, C.R. McClain, and B.A. Franz (2012). Dynamic range and sensitivity requirements of satellite ocean color sensors: learning from the past Appl. Opt, 51(25).

Hu, C., F. Lian, Z. Lee, C. Davis, A. Mannino, C. McClain, and B. Franz (2012). On the signal-to-noise ratio and product uncertainty of satellite ocean color measurements Proc. Ocean Optics XXI

Mulholland, M.R., P.W. Bernhardt, J.L. Blanco-Garcia, A. Mannino, K. Hyde, E. Mondragon, K. Turk, P. H. Moisander, and J. P. Zehr (2012). Rates of dinitrogen fixation and the abundance of diazotrophs in North American coastal waters between Cape Hatteras and Georges Bank Limnol. Oceanogr., 57(4), 1067-1083

Garcia, C.A.E., V.M.T. Garcia, A.I. Dogliotti, A. Ferreira, S.I. Romero, A. Mannino, M.S. Souza, and M.M. Mata (2011). Environmental conditions and bio-optical signature of a coccolithophorid bloom in the Patagonian shelf. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116(C03025), 17 PP

Hofmann, E.E., B. Cahill, K. Fennel, M.A.M. Friedrichs, K. Hyde, C. Lee, A. Mannino, R.G. Najjar, J.J. O’Reilly, J. Wilkin, and J. Xue (2011). Modeling the Dynamics of Continental Shelf Carbon. Annual Review of Marine Science, 3, 93-122

Pan, X., A. Mannino, M.E. Russ, H.G. Marshall, K.C. Filippino, and M.R. Mulholland (2011). Remote sensing of phytoplankton community composition along the northeast coast of the United States Remote Sens. Environ..

Druon, J-N, A. Mannino, S.R. Signorini, C.R. McClain, M. Friedrichs, J. Wilken, and K. Fennel (2010). Modeling the dynamics and export of dissolved organic matter in the northeastern U.S. continental shelf. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 88, 488-507

Pan, X., A. Mannino, M. E. Russ, S. Hooker, and L. W. Harding (2010). Remote sensing of phytoplankton pigment distribution in the United States northeast coast Remote Sensing of Environment, 114(11), 2403-2416

J.-N. Druon, E. Hofmann, J. O'Reilly, K. Fennel, M. Friedrichs, D. Haidvogel, C. Lee, A. Mannino, C.R. McClain, R. Najjar, D. Pollard, M. Previdi, S. Seitzinger, J. Siewert, S.R. Signorini, and J. Wilkin (2008). Eastern US Continenatal Shelf Carbon Budget: Integrating Models, Data Assimilation, and Analysis Oceanography, 21(1), 86-104

Mannino, A., M.E. Russ, and S. Hooker (2008). Algorithm development and validation for satellite-derived distributions of DOC and CDOM in the U.S. Middle Atlantic Bight J. Geophys. Res., 113(C07051), 19 pp

Pan, X., A. Mannino, M.E. Russ, and S. Hooker (2008). Remote sensing of the absorption coefficients and chlorophyll a concentration in the United States southern Middle Atlantic Bight from SeaWiFS and MODIS-Aqua J. Geophys. Res., 113(C11022), 15 pp

Blattner, K.L., T. Moisan, and A. Mannino (2007). Bio-physical Interactions in Ocean Margin Ecosystems (BIOME): The BIOME III, BIOME IV, and BIOME V Cruise Report NASA Tech. Memo 2007-214157, 2

Makinen, C.P., T. Moisan, and A. Mannino (2007). Bio- physical Interactions in Ocean Margin Ecosystems (BIOME): The BIOME I AND BIOME II Cruise Report NASA Tech. Memo 2007-214157, 1

Esper, J., J. Gervin, F. Kirchman, E.M. Middleton, R. Knox, W. Gregg, A. Mannino, C.R. McClain, J. Herman, and F.G. Hall (2005). Low/medium density biomass, coastal and ocean carbon: a carbon cycle mission Acta Astro., 56, 25-34

Mannino, A., and H.R. Harvey (2004). Black carbon in estuarine and coastal ocean dissolved organic matter Limnol. Oceanogr., 49(3), 735-740